Short-term counselling may help reduce repeat suicide attempt

Short-term counselling may help reduce repeat suicide attempt

The people who have attempted suicide are at high risk population and an effective treatment is needed. Majority of people who attempt suicide have some form of mental disorder and these individuals requires medication depending on the type of disorder they have which may help them to reduce risk of suicide.

But a new study which recently published in The Lancet Psychiatry suggests that short term psychosocial counselling could significantly reduce rates of previously suicide attempts and deaths among individuals.

Repeated suicide attempts and death by suicides were about 26 percent lower among group of Danish people who participated in voluntary talk therapy after a suicide attempt, according to new study.

According to researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, the study is believed to be the first to show that voluntary short term psychosocial counselling actually works to prevent suicide. Although the patients received just six to ten therapy sessions and the researchers found long-term benefits. Report says that 5 years after the counselling ended, there were 26percent fewer suicides in the group that received treatment compared to a group that did not.

For the purpose of a study, researchers analyzed health data from more than 65000 people in Denmark who attempted suicide between Jan1 1992 and Dec31 2010. Denmark, which provides free healthcare for its citizens, they first opened suicide prevention clinics in 1992. The researchers analyzed data from 5678 people who received psychosocial therapy at one of eight suicide prevention clinics. Then compared their outcomes overtime with 17,303 people who had attempted suicide and looked similar on 31factors but hadn’t gone for treatment afterward. And the participants were followed for up to 20 yrs.

Researchers found, during the first year those who received talk therapy were 26percent less likely to attempt suicide again and 38percent less likely to die of any cause.

After five years, in the group that had been treated there were 26 percent fewer suicides. After 10 years, the suicide-rate for those who had therapy was 229 per 1,00,000 compared to 314 per 1,00,000 in the group that didn’t get the talk therapy.

The researchers noted that the talk therapy varied depending on the individual’s need of the patient, so they can’t point exactly what the “active ingredient” was that inoculated those against future suicide attempts.

The researchers plans to gather more data on which specific types of therapy that may have worked better than others as it is possible that it was simply having safe, confidential place to talk.

This type of therapy provide a solid basis for recommending Talk Therapy and can be considered for populations at risk for suicide.

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